Developing Insaniah Model of the at-Risk Youth into Agripreneur in Selected Vocational Colleges in Malaysia: A Systematic Literature Review
Keywords:Entrepreneur, Agriculture Entrepreneur, Agriculture Aspiration, At-Risk Youth, Insaniah Model, Systematic Literature Review
At-risk youths in this paper are students selected from troubled family backgrounds with low-income, and who may also often youth of abusive parents, and drug addicts. They appear to have low literacy as studies had cited an increase of involvement in gangs, which resulted in poor grades, absenteeism and drug abuse. The crime made by youth is the participation of illegal activities and form part of the issues. At such, building a value of Islamic lifestyle system is to position youth’s a role in the society is critical to address problems among at-risk youth.
The paper aims to offer a new set of an insaniah of Islam as a model for inclusivity of the at-risk youth that are currently studying at selected agriculture vocational colleges (TVET) in Malaysia by developing them with new skillsets in sustainable agriculture. In preparing at-risk youth in this category, the model may challenge the assumptions of how the contemporary education brings about a change to embrace Islam values with new opportunity in life and equipped them with agripreneurship education.
The systematic literature review is employed in this paper among selected publications; Emerald Insights, Proquest Dissertation, Spingerlink, Research Gate, Google Scholar, Sage Pub, Science and Direct Pro Quest which have produced 1,499 results from 2000 until 2019. Most of the empirical studies are based on quantitative research methods. The outcome offers a systematic analysis from research evidence on aspirational agriculture and the learning-by-doing in entrepreneurship education, numbers of areas that need further study. Lack of research had focused on insaniah value and learning-by-doing associating at-risk youth venture into agriculture as a career pathways.